dive into > SOFTWARE
most software packages that people normally use, there is a free and
open source package that does virtually the same, sometimes much more.
The difference is not so much in how you use the programme, but under
what conditions you use it.
means that you can do with it whatever you like (except denying others
the same freedom). You are, for example, free to give a copy to someone
else. No more illegal copying. In practice, most such software can be
downloaded without charge from the Internet. Open source implies that
the source code -- the code that programmers write in -- is open for
inspection. Anyone can look at it and anyone can make changes to it.
Even if you don't read that kind of code yourself, the fact that other
people can read it is important for you too. Because it makes it impossible
to hide something in the code; there can be no sneaky features that
report back to someone what you are doing on your computer.
the source code is available freely, it cannot be controlled by a single
entity, say a company or a government. Rather, its development depends
on the community of programmers and users. It therefore reflects their
interests in having a useful program, rather than the commercial or
control interests often associated with proprietary and closed software.
Free and open source software is not only good software in itself, but
part of a larger project for a society where information is accessible
to all and flows freely. With our selection, we tried to strike the
right balance in giving you tools for a broad range of needs and activities,
with special emphasis on secure and reliable network access, peer-to-peer
clients, collaborative web applications and stand alone applications
for office work, image and audio editing.
into > software / PLATFORMS /
An operating system is the set of basic programmes and utilities that
make your computer run. At the core of an operating system is the kernel.
The kernel is the most fundamental program on the computer. It does
all the basic housekeeping and lets you start other programs. Microsoft
(Windows, NT, XP) and Apple (MacOS) provide operating systems.
Most free and open source operating systems are built around the Linux
Kernel. This is why they are often called Linux Operating systems, even
though that's technically not entirely correct (GNU/Linux would be more
accurate, since many of the programs come from the GNU initiative).
The choice of OS for a computer is fundamental, since it determines
which programs can be run on it.
OSs come with a graphical user interface (GUI) the kind of thing that
lets you use a mouse to point'n'click (instead of doing everything via
the command line). There are two highly-advanced projects for a GUI
for free OSs: KDE and GNOME.
There are also several distributions that have a fully functional OS
on a CD, so-called "boot CDs." They allow you to boot from
the CD instead of the hard drive, testing a free OS without having to
install anything on your computer. One, Dyne:bolic, is included in this
CD. To test it, just reboot your computer with this CD in the CD drive
and it should boot into the free OS, as long as you have an Intel-compatible
DEBIAN GNU / LINUX
Author: Ian Murdock
Platform: Runs on on a wide variety of hardware architectures
The Debian Project is a worldwide group of volunteers who endeavor to
produce an operating system distribution that is composed entirely of
free software. The principle product of the project to date is the Debian
GNU/Linux software distribution, which includes the Linux operating
system kernel, and thousands of pre-packaged applications. Debian is
the only distribution that is open for every developer and user to contribute
their work. It is the only significant distributor of Linux that is
not a commercial entity. It is the only large project with a constitution,
social contract, and policy documents to organize the project.
into > software / APPLICATIONS /
ENABLING YOU TO CREATE CONTENT
The project GNU WinII by the GNU Generation offers a large selection
of free Software for Windows. Their website offers you descriptions
and links to the download pages of a wealth of programs for basically
anything you would wish to do on a computer.
Author: Distributed, initial code-base donated by Sun Microsystems.
Platforms: Windows / Mac OSX / Linux / Sun Solaris
Licence: GPL & Sun Industry Standards Source License (code), Public
Document License (documentation)
OpenOffice understands itself as a free replacement of Microsoft office
(and other such packages). It consists of similar components: Writer
(Word), Impress (Powerpoint), Calc (Excel), and, in addition, Draw (a
drawing programme). It is fully compatible with all MS Office file formats.
OpenOffice has been translated into many languages, so no need to stick
to the English version.
All components are fully functional as downloaded, and there is really
no reason to use MS Office anymore. Save money or get rid of illegal
software on your computer which - who knows - might get you in trouble
dive into > software / SELF-PUBLISHING /
PUBLISH YOUR MATERIAL ONLINE & BUILD VIRTUAL COMMUNITIES
there is one area apart from operating systems where Open Source and
Free Software have had the most visible influence and changed the whole
playing field, then this is the area of content management systems and
group communication on the web. The free 'engines' of content management
systems, sometimes also called weblogs, that we present here make it
easy for people, as individuals and as groups, to publish and regularly
update content on websites, organise it in categories, manage editorial
processes such as filtering and rating of content, and have lively online
discussion boards. If you are an NGO or an artists' group, a student
union or any other group with little money and big ideas this is the
way to go. You will need some technical skills to install those systems,
but once they are running they are relatively easy to maintain and adapt.
Author: Ward Cunningham
Source Code: http://leuf.net/ww/wikidn?WikiWaySources
Licence: Open Source
Wiki is an easy-to-use collaborative platform on the Web. It is beautifully
simple and open. On a Wiki Wiki Web all participants can edit any page
at will, and add new pages. An easy-to-learn syntax allows a limited
range of HTML formatting, but the emphasis here is not on design aspects,
but on writing, formating and hyperlinking text. This makes it ideal
for any group process where a document is jointly created online. Individuals
can use it as well to publish their diaries and notes. Need a draft
for a web-page, an outline of a book or academic paper? Wiki lets you
do the job with the focus on ideas and structure, not on technical problems.
OPEN META ARCHIVE
Author: Thomas Kaulmann, Project Coordination: Frank Kunkel
Platform: Apache webserver, Perl, mod_perl, database
There are many content management systems, but there is only one OMA.
The Open Meta Archive lets you categorise and publish rich media documents
including text, photo, audio and video in RealMedia, Quicktime and MP3.
OMA adds a new layer to two previous projects, the 'open radio archive
network group' [http://orang.orang.org] and the 'open video archive'
[http://ova.zkm.de]. Those systems, one for audio, one for video, gave
independent publishers the opportunity to put their audiovisual content
on streaming servers and add comments and annotations. With OMA, a collaborative
publishing system has been built that provides an all-in-one surface
for different media types. You can upload files in different audio and
video formats through your web-browser and fill information into a descriptive
database. XML/HTML-based templates generate web-pages automatically.
With OMA, you can give important context to archived multimedia files
and create a meta-narration according to your specific needs.
into > FREE NETWORKS
A Free Network is a telecommunications system built, owned and maintained
by the people who use it, rather than a service brought to consumers
by business. It is not neccessarily 'free' as in cost, but more to the
point, autonomous and self-governing.
Free Network is fundamentally different to most public networks. Most
public networks still utilize the resources of the existing public switched
telephone network; a network owned, operated, and force-regulated by
the telecoms companies (usually state-run or ex-state-run monopolies).
The infrastructure of a Free Network is based on the resources of its
users. Each participant in the network owns and manages their own node,
each participant is responsible for what the node's role in the network
is to be.
from the bits owned by telephone companies, the Internet is not a Free
Network. Networks throughout the world share and exchange each others'
traffic through agreements between institutions, governments and corporations.
Users from around the world can communicate with each other (via peer-to-peer
filesharing, for example), but they still move data across non-free
fiber/copper. For this reason, Internet access usually costs money (you
pay your local ISP, they pay a larger Network owner for the privilege
of shunting your data accross other owned networks and so on) so it
is not 'free as in free beer'. If you do something naughty on the network,
such as criticize a corporation that has lots of heavy-handed lawyers
on its payroll, these large network owners can and will unceremoniously
pull your plug and the plugs of anyone they think may be connected to
you. So the Internet is also not 'free as in free speech'.
the vast majority of cases, because they are built and maintained by
groups of people without a financial profit incentive, access to Free
Networks is close to zero cost. Free Networks exchange traffic without
payment because their technology does not depend on metered services
from a commercial provider or licensing fees to the Government.
article 'A Brief History of Free Networks' by Saul Albert gives a little
background to the historical context of Free Networks.
dive into > LICENCES
All Free and Open Source Software is distributed under a licence, backed
by the full weight of copyright law. However, whereas normal licences
are designed to restrict user rights as much as possible, free and open
source licences are designed to grant to the user as many rights as
possible. There are many different open licences both for software and
for other types of digital content. The Open Source Initiative [http://www.opensource.org]
maintains a long list of them.
they all have in common is that they grant the permission to copy and
distribute content freely. For software, this includes source code (the
code programmers read/write) as well as binaries (the code machines
read). Often included is also the right to modify the code and to redistribute
the modified version. Lawyers call this the right 'to make derivative
open licences are about making digital content more accessible and encouraging
others to contribute to its development in whatever form or shape they
desire. Open licences are about freedom to create and about preserving
that freedom for all.
GENERAL PUBLIC LICENCE
Author: Richard Stahlman <email@example.com>
Licence: Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
of this licence document, but changing it is not allowed.
The GPL is the most famous of all open licences. Free software refers
to users' freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve
the software. These freedoms are guaranteed. It creates four basic freedoms:
1 Freedom to use. A GPL licensed program can be used for any purpose
2 Freedom to copy and distribute. You are allowed to make exact copies
and distribute these, in both source and binary code, as long as you
grant the same right to the person you distribute it too.
3 Freedom to modify. You are allowed to modify the code in whatever
way you want.
4 Freedom to copy and distribute modifications. Again, the distribution
has to be in source and binary code, and it has to grant the same right
to the person it is distributed to.
effect, code once put under the GPL cannot be taken out of the GPL anymore,
since all rights are granted under the condition that you grant those
rights to the next person as well, should you choose to distribute the
program. Also, if you include GPL code in another programme, you have
to put the entire code under the GPL. This ensures that code base continues
to grow and the new additions are made accessible to the community as
EFF FREE AUDIO LICENCE
Author: Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF)
Licence: eff free audio licence
EFF's Open Audio License provides a legal tool to use music and other
expressive works in new ways. It allows artists to grant the public
permission to copy, distribute, adapt, and publicly perform their works
royalty-free as long as credit is given to the creator as the Original
Author and the license is maintained. It is modeled after the GPL, which
means the rights are granted "irrevocably and perpetually",
as is stated explicitly.
FREE ART LICENCE
Author: participants of the meeting "Copyleft Attitude" at
"AccEs Local" and "Public", Paris (early 2000)
"The intention is to make work accessible and to authorize the
use of its resources by the greatest number of people: to use it in
order to increase its use, to create new conditions for creation in
order to multiply the possibilities of creation, while respecting the
originators in according them recognition and defending their moral
Modeled after the GPL, the Free Art License can be applied to digital
as well as non-digital art. It introduces the distinction between the
original and the copy, mandating that the original remains under the
sole authority of the artist, but the copy is freely available and modifiable,
as long as the licence is maintained. Each modification is a "subsequent
Creative Commons (CC) is a project to make it easy for content creators
to choose the right license under which to make their work available
to the public. CC offers an easy-to-use web-form that allows the users
to specify basic variables of the licence; for example, whether or not
modifications are allowed. Once all variables are set, then CC creates
the license in three different versions. One version is easy to understand
for non-lawyers, which lets the creator communicate efficiently how
s/he want to have to content used. A second version is a legally binding
text, the type that lawyers like. The final version is a machine-readable
version, designed to inter-operate with digital rights management systems
to ensure that properly licensed content remains accessible.
DIVE - WELCOME
TO THE KINGDOM OF PIRACY!
Dive into free software and copyleft culture!
Get to know the exhibition, events and ideas created, collected and
presented by <KOP>!
Try out the GNU / Linux distribution Dynebolic!
> The DIVE CD ROM presents:
1. An introduction to the world of free software, free networks and
collaborative online activities
2. A documentation of the project Kingdom of Piracy <KOP> during
its residency at FACT, Liverpool
3. dynebolic, the bootable GNU / Linux distribution>
The DIVE CD ROM was created by <KOP> and commissioned by the
VirtualCentre-Media.Net and FACT.
> To obtain your own copy of DIVE, either download the ISO image
(653 MB) or order a copy online:
Credits and Acknowledgements for DIVE:
Published in 2003 by the VirtualCentre-Media.net.
Co-produced by FACT, Liverpool.
Funding provided by the Culture2000 programme.
Editor / Concept: Armin Medosch
Contributors: Saul Albert, August Black, Felix Stalder
CD mastering: jaromil
Artworks: r a d i o q u a l i a, Harwood, Shu Lea Cheang, the Yes
Men, doubleNegatives, I/O/D, epidemiC, Nullpointer, 0100101110101101.org,
Greg Sidal, LAN
Advisors: Florian Cramer, Pit Schultz, Yukiko Shikata, Sota Ichikawa,
Copy Editing: Helen Tookey
Printing: Tower Printing Ltd.
CD replication: databiz
Project management: Michael Connor
Project assistance: Hilary Thorn, Cathy Shive
Kingdom of Piracy is jointly created by Shu Lea Cheang, Armin Medosch,