Valdis Krebs (US)


We have heard much about structural holes in human networks -- an individual spans and connects two other groups. This person is a conduit between the other two entities, yet he is not a member of either.

A structural fold is similar – an individual connects two other groups – yet, she is a member of both groups! It is via this person [or persons] that two groups intersect. It is through these highly trusted intersections – structural folds – that much information, knowledge and influence flows between groups.

Many networks are reachable by other networks through various link paths. Yet, it is the intersecting networks that support the most valuable and private flows between individuals and groups. Valdis Krebs will examine how these patterns are critical in and between groups and organizations. Examples will be taken from business and corruption in government.